Well, cats don’t always land on their feet though people might say that they do.
Cats are very smart because, like people, when cats are falling they put their front legs in front of their face for protection for when they hit the ground.
They have the ability to turn themselves in midair thanks to the vestibular apparatus. This is a tiny fluid-filled organ deep in their inner ear that is responsible to make them right themselves.
Cats have free movement of their front legs so they can bend and rotate their bodies like a pretzel because they have no collar bone.
When a cat falls from one metre they can get hurt more than they would if they fell from three metres because the cat has more time to turn himself around. This means, the farther the cat falls, the better his chances of escaping any injuries are. If cats fall from more than nine metres high they can’t land on their feet because they lose their sense of balance.
It’s instinctive for both humans and animals to tense their muscles when free-falling, which makes them more likely to be injured.
When cats land before reaching top speed, they are flexed and prepared for the landing.
Written by Lily from Mr. Mollinga’s class.